Claudio Parmiggiani (b Lussara, Reggio Emilia, 1 March 1943) Italian conceptual artist. He trained at the Istituto Statale di Belle Arti, Modena, and held his first one-man show in Bologna in 1965. The example of Marcel Duchamp and of Piero Manzoni was apparent early on in his manipulation and presentation of objects, for example the arrangement of a globe and a pickle jar containing a crumpled map (1968; see 1981 exh. cat., p. 8). He did not ally himself with any particular group, but he shared with some of his contemporaries, such as Michelangelo Pistoletto and Giulio Paolini, a progression from conceptual works, including installations, photo-works and books, towards a use of assemblage.